मोदी जी अक्साई चिन को चीन के कब्जे से कैसे मुक्त करा सकते हैं? इसके कौन से विकल्प हैं?
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Now Lets discuss about today's topic.
You may recall, After the loss of Aksai Chin in 1962 War, while responding to why India should not worry about Aksai chin, Indian Prime Minister Nehru has said in the parliament, 'not a single blade of grass grows there' .
To this argument, Senior congress leader Mahavir Tyagi pointed to his bald head and said, “Nothing grows here … should it be given away to somebody else?”
Though Mahavir Tyagi got the point straight, but Nehru was to determine Indian Policy. Hence, no serious effort was made to reclaim the lost Aksai Chin.
In fact, Nehru was very much correct here, Aksai Chin is virtually uninhabited, inhospitable terrain with less or no rainfall.
But P M Nehru should have rather asked a question to himself, even after winning the War, why China unilaterally vacated Arunachal Pradesh and its Tawang district, but retained Aksai Chin?
Now lets compare, Whereas Aksai Chin is a high altitude, barren and scarce in resources. Arunachal Pradesh is a low-lying region with suitable climate, fertile land and extraordinarily rich in resources.
The reason was, if you look in holistic viewpoint, the strategic importance of Aksai Chin is much greater than Arunachal Pradesh.
Aksai Chin is situated at high altitude and is closer to Delhi, making china a immediate threat to India’s sovereignty.
During any skirmishes between India and China, China can rush its army well into the heart of India in double quick time.
Yes, Aksai Chin acts as an unmanned Chinese satellite keeping a watch over the Indian’s activities as well as all over Central Asia.
In simple words, its Chinese buffer zone with India.
Besides this, Aksai chin allows China to exert much greater pressure on India in favor of Pakistan during any Indo Pakistan conflict.
Moreover Aksai Chin is very difficult to control from the Indian end, while it is easy to control from the Chinese end.
To give you an example, the construction of road connecting Xinjiang and Tibet cutting Aksai Chin started in 1951.
Such was the state of affairs at that time, India got to know about the existence of the road when China published maps stating control over Aksai Chin in 1955.
on the other hand, in case of Arunachal Pradesh situation is just inverse. its well connected to north eastern states. Yes, China found Arunachal pradesh hard to defend due to possible Indian counter attacks over long period of time.
Despite Chinese claims, there should be no doubt about the legality of Indian claim on Aksai Chin. Hence one of our esteemed viewer Rajeev Kamalasanan has asked, what Indian government is doing about this region?
Multiple rounds of Border talks have happened to resolve the world's longest border dispute. Right now, National Security Advisor Ajit Doval is special envoy for border talk.
Since the diplomatic talk is going on, solution can be found by give and take approach only. Lets quickly discuss all available options.
First option is, India give up control on Arunachal Pradesh and China will give up its claim on Aksai Chin. but given the strategic importance of Aksai chin, when it comes to taking final decision, china would not agree to it.
Second option is, maintain the status quo and convert the Line of Actual Control as International Border. In this way, India will continue to control Arunachal Pradesh and China will continue to administer Aksai Chin
Third option is, India should launch armed campaign to reclaim Aksai chin. for majority of Indians this may be preferred option, but this option could turn out to be most unpredictable and costly to execute.
fourth option, keep on talking for the sake of it, and hope time will resolve the issue. this classic congress approach, even BJP government is following right now.
Fifth option is, Give up claim on Aksai Chin and give away Arunachal pradesh to China, and hope for friendly relationship with them. This is obviously the easiest way to resolve the issue with China,